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A guide to key terms

Key Terms:

Head of Household: Anyone who has paid more than half of the costs of maintaining a home in the current calendar year.

Generation U.S. Born: For the purposes of this project, ethnic ancestry in the United States will be traced by the generation in which the individual was born in the United States.

For instance, a child born in Toledo by immigrant parents from Egypt, would be considered 1st-generation U.S. born and could identify their ethnic descent as being at least one of the following: Egyptian, Arab, and North African.

Keeping with the example family above, those same parents can also identify as Egyptian, Arab, and North African. However, for the purposes of the project, they would mark N/A, or non-applicable, when asked what generation U.S. born they are.

Key geographic terms:

Middle East: A geographic region encompassing a range of ethnicities, races, and religions. From west to east, this region spans Morocco to Afghanistan; and from north to south, it includes Turkey to Yemen and the Horn of Africa.

North Africa: A landmass spanning the Sahara Desert, bordered by the Mediterranean Sea in the North, Sub-Saharan Africa in the south, the Red Sea in the East, and the Atlantic Ocean in the West. Countries include: Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, Egypt, Sudan, Mauritania, Mali, Niger, and Chad.

Horn of Africa: A geographic region including Djibouti, Ethiopia, Eritrea, and Somalia.

Greater Toledo Area: For the purposes of this project, the area will include a region encompassing the following counties in Northwest Ohio and Southeast Michigan: Lucas, Wood, Hancock, Ottawa, Sandusky, Fulton, Henry, Lenawee, and Monroe.

 

Key terms to help identify ethnic, racial, or national descent:

Arab: Anyone who identifies with or traces their heritage to the Arabic speaking world and/or the Arab peoples from the Arabian Peninsula. Also includes anyone who claims heritage from at least one of the following countries of the Arab League: Algeria, Bahrain, Comoros, Djibouti, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, Oman, State of Palestine, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, Syria, Tunisia, United Arab Emirates, and Yemen.

North African: Anyone who identifies with or traces their heritage to the countries and lands spanning the Sahara Desert and those north of Sub-Saharan Africa. This includes Arabs, Arabic speaking peoples, Berbers, and Afro-Arabs from the following countries: Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, Egypt, Sudan, Mauritania, Mali, Niger, and Chad.

Persian/Iranian: Anyone who identifies with or traces their heritage to Iran and the ethnic peoples of Iran or neighboring countries with a presence of ethnic Persians and Farsi-speaking people.

Chaldean/Assyrian: Chaldean/Assyrian: Anyone who identifies with or traces their heritage to the Chaldean and Assyrian peoples of ancient Mesopotamia (modern-day Iraq and parts of Syria). This includes adherents of the Chaldean Catholic Church, the Assyrian Church of the East, and other Eastern Rite congregations.

Turkish: Anyone who identifies with or traces their heritage to the country of Turkey and Turkish speaking peoples.

Israeli: Anyone who identifies with or traces their heritage to the country of Israel.

Berber: Anyone who identifies with or traces their heritage to the Berber people of North Africa.

Kurdish: Anyone who identifies with or traces their heritage to the Kurdish people inhabiting parts of Iraq, Iran, Turkey, and Syria.

Afghan: Anyone who identifies with or traces their heritage to Afghanistan and the ethnic peoples of Afghanistan.

 

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